Web Design vs Graphic Design vs UX Design: Know the difference

Brian Bojan Dordevic
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Brian Decoded

President at Alpha Efficiency

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Are you confused about the differences between web design, graphic design, and UX design? You’re not alone! Although many people use these terms interchangeably, each discipline has its own unique skill sets and goals. In this article, we’ll break down the key differences between UX design, web design, and graphic design professionals to help you better understand the roles each plays in the successful product development process. Hopefully, this article will help you step foot in the right direction when choosing between web design vs graphic design career paths and find the role you will enjoy the most.

Table of Contents:
What is the difference between web design, graphic design, and ux design?

What Is Graphic Design?

Graphic design is a discipline that uses typography, color, images, and other visual elements to create designs that communicate ideas and messages. It is not limited only to digital media. For example, some business card graphic designers specialize in creating appealing business cards for companies. Other graphic design professionals use various tools, including software programs like Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator, to create a wide range of materials, such as logos, packaging, social media images, social media graphics, visual elements for websites, and much more. 

If you’re looking for a career option where you can fully express your creativity without learning any programming, graphic design is the best solution. You’ll get to combine various symbols, text, illustrations, and images to communicate the idea to the target audience visually. 

What Is Web Design?

Web design is the process of creating and designing a website’s layout, visual appearance, and functionality. Using various technologies and following design principles, web designers aim to create websites visitors will enjoy. However, they also need to ensure that the website is compatible with different web browsers and devices.

Web designers work closely with clients and other team members, including web developers, graphic designers, and UX designers. They need technical and creative skills to turn clients’ ideas into reality. In some cases, web designers are also responsible for maintaining and updating the website, analyzing website traffic, and making adjustments to boost the user experience.

Web design is a vast field, and if you choose this career path, prepare for lifelong learning. From healthcare web design to web design for law firms, you’ll have a chance to work on various projects. But to succeed, you’ll need to understand what makes an excellent website for each niche deeply.

You can also choose to specialize in one of these areas of web design:

  • Web graphic design
  • User interface design
  • User experience design for websites
  • Search engine optimization
The differences and similarities between web designers and ux designers.

Is UX design the same as web design?

While UX design and web design are related and have much in common, they are distinct disciplines that serve different purposes. UX design, also known as user experience design, can be applied to both non-digital and digital products. But when it comes to creating websites, it is best to understand UX design as a part of web design. It is the process of securing a positive and seamless experience for website users. It is a multidisciplinary field that involves understanding the needs and wants of the user, as well as the company’s business goals. If you become a UX designer, you’ll need to use the knowledge obtained through user testing and feedback gathering to create enjoyable designs. On the other hand, web design focuses on creating a website’s visual and functional aspects.

Although some people specialize in UX design, if you want to become a good web designer, you should aim to obtain the skill sets that UX designers have. This will allow you to design a layout, interface, and navigation that are intuitive and easy to use. By acquiring a wide range of skills, you’ll eventually be able to land higher-paying jobs.

Can a web designer be a graphic designer?

Most of our web designers have the skill sets required for graphic design work and vice versa. As both roles require a strong understanding of visual communication and the ability to create visually appealing designs, we like to ensure that job candidates are comfortable in both worlds. However, being a web designer and a graphic designer are two distinct roles, and you should aim to specialize in one area or the other.

Web designers often have a strong understanding of HTML, CSS, and other coding languages used during the website creation process. On the other hand, graphic design professionals focus on creating visual concepts for various purposes. 

While it is possible for a web designer also to be a graphic designer, it is not necessarily the case for all web designers. 

How to choose between graphic design and UX design.

Should you learn UX design or graphic design?

The answer to this question ultimately depends on your personal interests and career goals. Both UX and graphic design are essential and valuable fields, and the two often overlap. It is important to consider your strengths and passions when deciding which direction to pursue. 

Choose a UX design career path if:

  • You enjoy researching and analyzing user needs and behaviors
  • You enjoy studying human psychology
  • You are more interested in the technical aspects of design
  • You are interested in designing interactions
  • You love creating user journey maps
  • You enjoy conducting user testing to determine the quality of website design

Choose a graphic design career path if:

  • You are more interested in the creative aspects of design and artistic expression.
  • You enjoy creating logos, illustrations, images and editing photos.
  • You prefer brand-centric aspects of web design.
  • You prefer designing visual elements over designing interactions.
  • You have a strong foundation in traditional design principles, such as color theory, typography, and layout.
  • You are more interested in working on shorter-term projects with defined goals and deliverables.

However, no matter which career path you choose, you could benefit from acquiring the required skill sets for both UX and graphic design. 

Required Skill Sets for Web, Graphic, and UX designers

Now that we’ve defined each profession, it’s time to go deeper into the comparison. Let’s see the standard skill sets required for web design vs graphic design vs UX design:

  • Web designers: 
    • Creativity and artistic ability
    • Knowledge of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript
    • Experience with responsive design
    • Understanding of web usability and accessibility standards
    • Understanding of search engine optimization (SEO)
    • Ability to design and layout user interfaces
    • Ability to design website mockups, wireframes, and prototypes
    • Ability to create a custom WordPress website design
    • Project management skills that will help you stay on track
  • Graphic designers:
    • Creativity and artistic ability
    • Knowledge of layout, typography, and color theory
    • Strong visual communication skills
    • Proficiency in design software such as Adobe Creative Suite
    • Ability to conceptualize and execute design solutions for marketing and advertising materials
    • Understanding of various page layout techniques
    • Photo editing skills
    • Ability to follow brand guidelines
  • UX designers:
    • Strong analytical and problem-solving skills
    • Experience with user research and usability testing
    • Understanding of usability principles and user-centered design methodologies
    • Proficiency in industry-standard design software and prototyping tools such as InVision or Figma
    • Understanding of design software and prototyping tools
    • Communication and collaboration skills that will allow them to work closely with developers and web designers
7 Things that web design, graphic design, and ux design have in common.

Web Design vs Graphic Design vs UX Design: What they have in common

While web design, graphic design, and UX design may seem distinct now that we’ve compared the required skill sets for each field, they actually have a lot in common. They overlap in the following areas:

  • Visual communication –  Web designers, graphic designers, and UX designers all create visual elements to communicate ideas to a specific audience.
  • Using design software – All three fields involve using various design software and tools, such as Adobe Creative Suite, to create and edit designs.
  • Understanding color theory and layout principles – Each field requires an understanding of color theory, typography, and page layout techniques in order to create practical and visually appealing designs.
  • Strategical approach – Web designers, graphic designers, and UX designers all need problem-solving skills and the ability to think creatively and strategically to achieve the desired outcome.
  • Attention to detail – All three fields require strong attention to detail and the ability to communicate ideas and concepts through visual mediums effectively.
  • Working with clients – All three fields involve working with clients or stakeholders to understand their needs and goals and create designs that effectively meet them.
  • Life-long learning – Web designers, graphic designers, and UX designers need to stay up-to-date with current design trends and best practices in order to create relevant and effective designs.


The difference between web design vs graphic design vs ux design

Web Design vs Graphic Design vs UX Design: What makes them different

Although web design, graphic design, and UX design overlap in some areas, they each have their own goals and techniques that set them apart. Let’s explore these differences:

Web designers and UX designers need to worry about page speed

Web designers and UX designers need to worry about page speed because it has a massive impact on the user experience and SEO. Slow-loading pages can frustrate users and cause them to leave the site. Designers must pay close attention to the image file sizes, especially when providing eCommerce web design services. Such websites usually contain many images, which, unless properly optimized, can cause slow page speed.

In contrast, graphic designers don’t need to worry as much about page speed because their main focus is on creating visually appealing graphics rather than optimizing a website’s performance. But depending on the company’s workflow, sometimes graphic designers work on optimizing image file sizes to help web designers and UX designers with preventing the slow loading of pages.

Web designers need to pay attention to different screen sizes

The design of a website needs to be responsive, meaning it should adjust and function correctly on different devices with varying screen sizes. More and more people are accessing the internet on their smartphones and tablets, and a website not optimized for smaller screens can be challenging to use and may drive visitors away. It is the web and UX designers’ job to ensure a smooth user experience. 

On the other hand, graphic designers don’t necessarily need to be concerned with screen sizes because the graphics they create are typically used in various contexts and are not tied to a specific device or screen size. However, it is still crucial for them to consider how people will use their designs. That’s why most graphic designers work on creating high-quality, scalable graphics that will look good regardless of the size or resolution of the screen.

Web designers and UX designers keep improving a website even after launch-date

The product development process never finishes for web designers and UX designers. Even after the website is up and running, our web agency Chicago keeps collecting feedback from the audience and analyzing traffic to make necessary adjustments for keeping clients’ websites high-performing. If you love working on large projects, we advise you to choose web design and UX design over graphic design.

Graphic designers have more freedom when choosing fonts

Graphic designers usually work on static designs, which gives them more freedom when choosing fonts. In contrast, web designers need to ensure fonts they use are compatible with various devices and browsers, as not all fonts are widely supported on the web. They may need to use web-safe fonts or utilize web font services to ensure that the text will be displayed correctly for users. And web designers must also pay close attention to font readability. At the same time, there are scenarios in which graphic designers can sacrifice readability to add an “artistic” touch to their designs.

static and dynamic designs.

Graphic design is static; web design is dynamic

Graphic design work relies on creating visual materials that are not meant to change or be interactive in any way. By using software such as Adobe Illustrator or Photoshop, graphic designers create static image files that are then implemented on a website.

On the other hand, web design is considered dynamic because it involves creating interactive visual elements for a website that are meant to change. Web designers use HTML, CSS, and other coding languages to create the layout, web design graphics, and functionality of a website. They must consider that people will view their designs on various devices. Therefore, web design is much more flexible and responsive than graphic design, requiring different skills and knowledge to create effective and engaging online experiences.

Web design requires more technical skill sets

From our experience, web design requires more detailed technical skill sets, as building and maintaining websites can be very complex. Web designers need to have a strong understanding of HTML, CSS, and other programming languages to build and structure the content and layout of a website. To become a successful web designer, you should also work on understanding the technical aspects of search engine optimization and learn how to integrate web design graphics and various interactive elements into a website.

And which technical skills do you need for graphic design work? Learning how to use tools such as Adobe Illustrator or Photoshop would be best. While some technical skills may be required, they are typically less diverse or complex than those that web designers need.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, web design, graphic design, and UX design are all essential and distinct fields that play a crucial role in creating and developing websites, products, and digital experiences. Understanding the differences between web design vs graphic design vs UX design is essential for anyone working in the design industry or looking to hire professionals for a specific project:

  • Web design is the broadest field among these three. It includes many subcategories and focuses on both aesthetics and functionality of a website. By using technical knowledge, web designers help businesses build high-performing websites from scratch.
  • Graphic design is concerned with the visual elements of a project, such as typography, color, and imagery.
  • UX design focuses on the overall user experience, including the usability, functionality, and accessibility of an end product. UX designers conduct user research that helps the whole team create more appealing websites.

If you are looking for a team of expert designers to help you build your digital footprint, feel free to get in touch with Alpha Efficiency. 

And if you found this article helpful, there is much more to explore on our web design blog.


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